A skeptic until his death in 1382, Nicole Oreseme the bishop of Lisieux was convince that his superstitious congregation was being duped by charlatans that professed powers of sorcery and divination.  He was fond of saying that it was ridiculous that an astrologer could not predict the sex of child, but, upon the child's birth, could suddenly predict all the events of his life.  He is noteworthy, because in a time when everyone was trying to prove the existence of sorcery and witchcraft, he was doing the opposite

He did much to expose frauds who preyed on ignorance to make money.   Unfortunately, it was this aggressive attempt to disprove all supernatural occurrences that lead to some rather nefarious elements flourishing under his rule.

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